Navigating Pastoral Change

Every church inevitably goes through a time of leadership transition. Whether because of retirement, scandal, health complications, a change in calling or some other shift in a pastor’s life or career, churches are bound to walk through a pastoral succession of some kind eventually. A new Barna report, Leadership Transitions, addresses this universal reality and examines how churches navigate pastoral change and stay healthy amidst the shift.

“A make-it-up-as-we-go approach has less of a chance of going smoothly, and often fails to find time and intention for other steps that improve a transition, like including multiple types of input in the decision-making” Brian Kinnaman writes. If church leaders can plan ahead for a transition, or enlist evidence-based discernment, the church is likely to come out ahead.

Mustard Seed Consulting uses prevent methods to help organizations determine where they are in order to help them get to where they want to be. MSC offers church leaders guidance to make better decisions, in less time and with more confidence. Contact us today to learn more.5FCFC180-0F47-41DE-BF87-99ACF14ABB63

Spiritual Life Inventory Reveals the Health of ELCA Churches

3C7CE748-AB62-4CBE-BEC7-0DF45CD0C192Evidence based discernment is growing as a valuable tool for congregations today. Mustard Seed Consulting LLC used the Church Assessment Tool from Holy Cow! Consulting as the most tested, widely used instrument to get keen data-based insight into the health of churches and spiritual vitality of people. 

Other efforts are underway, too. Consider that in 2018, Luther Seminary, St Paul, MN as part of a Lilly Endowment-funded Leadership for Faithful Innovation project, enlisted a team of Luther Seminary faculty and staff designed an assessment tool called the Spiritual Life Inventory to help churches and their leaders get a better sense of the spiritual life and church engagement in their congregations.The Spiritual Life Inventory provides a dynamic snapshot of the spiritual health of the congregations surveyed.

Nearly 50 Lutheran congregations in six ELCA synods around the United States have taken the Spiritual Life Inventory. Nearly 4,000 responses have been recorded. While this is a self-selected sample of participants in our learning communities, and we don’t claim the results to be statistically representative of the ELCA as a whole, there are still important insights to be gleaned from the data. 

Here are eight key takeaways.

1. Twenty-two percent of respondents are spiritually stalled but want to grow. Even among those for whom church is working best–members who are active and involved–nearly a quarter of them reported feeling stalled in their spiritual growth. More importantly, they wished they weren’t.

2. Church members have active prayer lives but struggle to talk about their faith. Eighty-nine percent of respondents reported praying daily or weekly, but their conversations with God do not appear to readily extend to conversations about God with those around them. Only 23 percent said they share stories of what God is doing in their lives, and only ten percent have taught another person how to follow Jesus.

3. Respondents don’t know the Bible well. Only ten percent of respondents said they know the Bible well. Around half as many, six percent, said they don’t know the Bible well at all. The rest reported varying degrees of familiarity with the Bible, with the majority saying they know only the story of Jesus well or some stories or parts.

4. People come to church to connect with God. Church members attend church primarily because they want to connect with God: 95 percent of respondents listed this as important or very important to their church attendance. Tapping into a cultural heritage or attending church out of habit were among the most frequently cited reasons that were not important to survey respondents.

5. While 95 percent of respondents attend church because they want to connect with God, there’s a significant drop-off among people who feel they have an active, daily relationship with God. Only 68 percent said their connection to God is sustained during the week and that God plays an active role in their daily lives. The rest–almost one-third of churchgoers who participated–either said that God is not particularly active in their lives or that they are unsure of God’s presence and activity.

6. Worship, prayer, times of transition, and service help people connect with God most readily. Between 80 and 90 percent of respondents say they often or always connect with God during worship, prayer, times of loss, times of new life, and in serving others.

7. Very few young adults participated in the Spiritual Life Inventory.Only three percent of respondents were in their 20’s and seven percent in their teens.

8. The most commonly represented demographic profile of an active church member in the congregations we surveyed is a white woman in her 60’s.Sixty-five percent of respondents were female and 23 percent were aged 60-69–with only 20 percent of all respondents coming in under 40. Only five percent of respondents identified as people of color.

Five Stages of a Pastor’s Service to a Church

Research among Protestant churches show clergy tenure is relatively brief on the average. Hard data is difficult to find, but there’s general agreement that 6-7 years is a common point at which clergy make a move.

The time a pastor serves a congregation does contain common stages. Researcher Thom Rainer1 has studied the phenomenon of pastoral tenure. He’s convinced there are distinct stages with clear characteristics, even while the years he designates for each stage are not precise.

Rainer names the stages and offers the “why” behind each stage.
Year 1: Honeymoon. Both pastor and church have a blank slate and they enter the relationship hoping and believing the best about each other. Perhaps the pastor was weary of the previous pasfivetorate, and perhaps the church was happy to replace their former pastor. For a season, neither can do wrong in the other’s eyes. That season does not usually last long.

Years 2 and 3: Conflicts and Challenges. No pastor is perfect. No church is perfect. Each party discovers the imperfections after a few months. Like a newlywed couple, they began to have their differences after a while. The spiritual health of both the pastor and the church will likely determine the severity of the conflicts and challenges.

Years 4 and 5. Crossroads, Part 1. This period is one of the most critical in the relationship. If the conflict was severe, the pastor will likely leave or be forced out. Indeed, these years are the most common years when a pastor leaves a church. On the other hand, if the pastor and the church manage their relationship well, they can often look forward to some of the best years ahead.

Years 6 to 10: Fruit and Harvest. The research is not complete, but it’s more than anecdotal. A church is likely to experience some of its best years, by almost any metrics, during this period of a pastor’s tenure. Indeed, in interviews with both pastors and members, this theme repeated. Both parties have worked through the tough times. They now trust each other and love each other more deeply.

Years 11 and beyond: Crossroads, Part 2. During the earlier crossroads era at year 4 or 5, the pastor decides to stay or leave. Or the congregations may make the decision. During this relatively rare tenure beyond ten years, the pastor will go down one of two paths: 1) be reinvigorated as a leader and ready to tackle new challenges and cast new visions; or 2) be resistant to the surrounding changes and then become complacent. It remains challenging to understand why pastors go down one path versus the other.

Pastoral tenure matters. It is far too short in many churches. I do think it is critical for us to understand tenure, because the health of the church is directly impacted by it.

Mustard Seed Consulting can provide your church evidence-based discernment for any stage of pastoral tenure. We are ready with proven tools and expertise to help pastors and leaders understand key dynamics and realities to promote longer tenure and healthier ministries.

Contact us today to learn how we can help your church.

1Thom S. Rainer, factsandtrends.net May 31, 2019

The Short List of Strategic planning

One important component in becoming a vibrant and healthy congregation involves having a shared sense of direction. A strategic plan answers the question, “In what new and different ways will we touch lives in the coming 3 to 5 years?” A short list of answers to this question, supported by key leaders and a strong majority of active members, will guide and enliven everything from program planning, and worship to decisions about staffing, buildings, budgets,and commStrategic-Planningunity outreach.

Consider beginning a process of developing a shared sense of direction by gaining evidence about your church. The Church Assessment Tool* (CAT) offers the best approach to giving equal voice to all your people for the purpose of gaining evidence-based discernment. When you do you’ll make better decisions, in less time and with more confidence.

*Provided by Holy Cow! Consulting” and available to you through Mustard Seed Consulting, LLC.

Look Out Window, Head Out the Door

Conflict is especially challenging for churches. But research has shown that churches least likely to experience conflict considered negative are ones that have started some new community outreach within the last five years.
Why might this inoculate a church toward less destructive conflict? The answer is simple. Congregations with an exclusive internal focus will likely find much to quibble about, whereas externally focused congregations experience an internal alignment around a shared purpose.

Congregations are like people. There are times when when an internal focus is both necessary and appropriate. For churches this includes times of leadership transition, experiences of trauma and loss, and periods of wrestling with major theological questions. But as with an individual, when the internal focus stretches into years there is a danger of obsessive introspection at the expense of outward purpose.

A healthy congregation celebrates baptisms, first communions, wedding and commemorates the lives of the departed. Every church must attend to realities of building realistic budgets, maintaining physical plants, enlisting and supporting talented staff. However, a congregation focused only on the needs of its members and the demands of its building and employees is likely a congregation in decline. To paraphrase William Temple, “a congregation is the only association that exists for the benefit of those who are not its members.”

Healthy congregations look out the window—and head out the door. Unhewindowalthy congregations, like unhealthy people, are self-absorbed. They worry about worship attendance and offerings rather than engage in service. They develop a “scarcity mentality” and organize turf wars over who will get what share of a steadily shrinking pie. They become oblivious to the community outside the doors of their congregation. Meanwhile, conflict builds as members begin to blame each other for the evident decline.

How then is it possible for a church accustomed to gazing only in the mirror to look instead out the window? Leaders must engage in some essential shifts for the congregation to look out the window and move out the door.
1. Leaders teach that the congregation exists not only to serve its members but also to serve its community.

The scriptures provide numerous stories of faith communities called to serve those outside the boundaries. Clergy who call for people using the beliefs and practices of faith to reaching and serving the needs of the surrounding community are on the right track. Focus on the biblical texts which call members to expand their vision.

2. Leaders themselves serve beyond the congregation.
Encourage your pastor to practice what he/she preaches by supporting their engagement with the community. Professional staff and key lay leaders who model this commitment—will help the congregation understand it exists to serve its community, not just its members.

3. The congregation’s budget demonstrates a commitment to its community.
Often a church’s strategic plan reflects its aspirations, while the annual budget reflects its realities. It is not unusual to look at a congregation’s budget and see “staff salaries” and “building maintenance” consuming the largest share. However, a healthy congregation demonstrates a commitment to giving beyond itself by investing in its community.
What about your congregation? Is it gazing in the mirror (even a rearview mirror) …or looking out the window? Ironically, a congregation that tries to save its life by continual self-focus will lose it, but a congregation that gives its life away by offering itself freely in service to the community thrives.

Our congregations are not intended to serve only their own members. They were designed as instruments of God for service to enable and equip their members to engage in service to their community. Once we look out the window, everything changes.

7 Things to Know for 10 Years to Come

What the Church Needs Now – 7 Things to Know 

After a season of assisting churches with evidence based discernment, mostly small congregations in smaller communities, I’ve encountered a notable level of concern about the future. Leaders of these churches already know these two things, but there are seven others they really need to embrace. They know:

1 the present doesn’t look anything like the past.

2 if their churches don’t begin to attract new people (usually “families with children and youth” they question whether they have a future beyond the next 10 years.

0778D9E0-4E7D-465E-A467-021D1758B1BAIt’s inevitable. Churches must change. Change drastically. Don’t get me wrong, we don’t need to change the message. Just the method. One is sacred. The other is not.

What isn’t as clear is what the future church will look like, and what kind of characteristics will mark those churches.

However, I think some trends are coming into focus. I may not be correct, but the following traits describe what I relieve are the kind of churches that will have a significant impact a decade from now.

Here are a few traits I believe will make churches successful in making an impact in the next few years:

1. The ability to say no. All too common reasons churches don’t change is because leaders are unwilling to say no to current members who prefer things the way they were. When you learn to say no to the preferences of some current members, you learn to say yes to a community that is ready to be reached.

2. Focus Beyond.  Congregations that become passionate about people outside their walls will be far more effective than churches that are passionate about keeping the few people they have inside their walls. Better still, you will have a healthier church.

3. Prioritizing a for you not from you culture.  Churches in decline often think in terms of what they can get from people – money, time, growth etc. Churches that will make an impact on the future will be passionate about what they want for people – financial balance, generosity, the joy of serving, better families, and of course, Christ at the center of everyone’s life.

4. Flexibility.  Often a church doesn’t need to change its mission (sometimes it needs to be rediscovered, though!)  but going forward it will be key to change your methods. Flexible and adaptable churches that can innovate around strategy and different initiatives will have the freedom to make the changes they need to make an impact moving forward.

5. A willingness to embrace smaller to become bigger.  When small churches stop being anxious about being bigger churches (or like they were in the 50’s and 60’s) good things can happen. Small can be mighty. Smaller churches  might be a hallmark of future churches making an impact.

6. An openness to questions.  Churches that understand that embracing questions is as important as providing immediate answers will make an impact in the future. We’re discovering that if you embrace questions, the answers are often lived into. The Spirit actually does move in people’s lives.

7. Value exploring and  experimentation. The more traditional you are, the less you will value experimentation. The more successful you are, the less you will value experimentation. If you start to raise the value of experimentation, you will accelerate change and flexibility. The churches that connect with their community will be the churches willing enough to try a variety of things, and who also have the courage to kill them as soon as they stop producing results.

That’s what I see. What do you see in your church?

Spring Soul Cleaning

Spring Soul Cleaning
(This piece is authored by Diana Butler Bass – a theological and historian with a love for the church and a desire to see it prosper. Check out her newest book “Grateful” and then go back to “Christianity After Religion” and “Christianity for the Rest of Us”. You’ll be glad you did, if you have a heart for your church.

Diana writes for Ash Wednesday:  A couple weeks ago, I went to the drug store for toothpaste. As I stood in front of the shelves, I noticed something surprising. Nearly every brand had a new product among the mint flavors and fluoride options – charcoal whitening toothpaste. Charcoal toothpaste? Really?

Curious, I bought it. And, it turns out that it works. Charcoal possesses purifying properties. As a product of ash, it filters and cleans. The World Health Organization even recommends ash as a soap substitute in case of emergencies when other cleansers might not be available.

All of this has me thinking about Lent, the beginning of which is today, Ash Wednesday. For Christians, the day includes the ritual of marking the forehead with an ashen cross as a minister intones: “You are dust and to dust you shall return.” It is a way of physically remembering mortality – as well as a call to repentance. Although no one knows when it began, the Lenten practice appears to date back about a thousand years. Early Christians, even before the Lenten ritual we know, associated public penance with “the roughness of sackcloth and the squalor of ashes.” Ashes became synonymous in Christian spirituality with sin and death. To mark one’s self with such was to recognize sinfulness and to beg for mercy.

And it scared me. When I was a little girl, I sat terrified in the pew, not wanting to go forward – having that gritty black dust fall in my eyes while some man in a cassock told me that I was going to die. I hated Ash Wednesday. I still have a very hard time with it. Lent can be so morbid.

As it turns out, ashes have another meaning – one found in the Old Testament. In Numbers 19, there is a purification rite known as the Rite of the Red Heifer. There, a heifer is sacrificed and its ashes mixed with water. The water is then sprinkled in any place of defilement to make it clean. Indeed, in the New Testament, the author of the Book of Hebrews seems to refer to the use of ashes for purification (Hebrews 9:13).

Thinking about ashes and cleansing offers an interesting alternative for Lenten spirituality – a season of spring soul-cleaning. I grew up in a time when we did spring housekeeping, a yearly ritual of polishing things, washing windows, dusting corners, and airing out blankets and pillows and rugs in the warming air. I loved those spring days when my mother asked me to help, tackling what we had avoided, straightening up neglected messes. When we finished, the house seemed new! Spring housecleaning was a way of starting fresh.

Soul-cleaning needn’t imply we are filthy, worthless people who must be made pure in order to know God or do good or be worthy. We aren’t impure in that way. In the same way that my house isn’t “impure” at spring housecleaning time – it is just dusty, cluttered, and a bit stuffy – so it is with our lives. Winter can foster spiritual complacency, perhaps. With so much inside time, our souls revel in coziness, warmth, and comfort. Winter spirituality can let us settle in. Things get disordered, overlooked.

But Lent shakes things up. Those ashes remind us that this is a new season. To get off the sofa, poke in neglected corners, to open the windows. Indeed, many religious traditions see ashes as cleansing. Native peoples burn sage to heal, offer blessings, and banish bad spirits. Some traditions scatter ashes on wind or water as a way of transporting a soul to God or to symbolize rebirth. And others see ashes as an icon of energy and fertility (think volcano!). Indeed, ashes are themselves a product of transformation. When something is burned – when a thing meets fire – ash is created.

Ash is about cleansing, creativity, and change. Lent is so much more than remembering death and repenting sins. Ash Wednesday offers a new start, new possibilities, and a pathway of transformation.

Whether you practice Ash Wednesday and Lent or not, whether you are one of my Christian readers or one who embraces a different faith, I invite you to this holy season of soul-cleansing! After a long cold winter, spring awaits.

NEWS AND RESOURCES

“Why I Don’t Fear Denominational Schisms” in Sojourners March issue. Preview only. Read it here.

Did you know there are TheoEd Talks, like TED Talks but focused on theology and spirituality? I taped one this month called “Jesus the Ingrate.” Watch it here. Accompanying the TheoEd Talk is a conversation with the host about gratitude and Grateful. Watch it here.